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Peer Configuration

The peer configuration file (/configs/peer/config.json) determines how your blockchain operates.

Let's take a closer look at the configurations you'll work with when you create a network: TRUSTED_PEERS, KURA, TORII, and LOGGER. We'll cover the PUBLIC_KEY and PRIVATE_KEY later when we talk about public key cryptography.

The remaining options are for fine-tuning Iroha, so you don't need to worry about them at this stage. Once you are familiar with the necessary basics, check Iroha Configuration Reference for more details and all available options.

Trusted Peers

Iroha is a blockchain ledger. In order for it to work optimally and be Byzantine-fault tolerant with the maximum number of faults allowed, it needs to be started with a set number of peers: 4, 7, 10, ... 3f+1, where f is the allowed number of faults.

So usually, when you want to start an Iroha deployment, you should already know a number of peers that you can trust and join their blockchain. The way it works in the examples is that you just specify in four config.json files four peers with their public keys and API addresses.

Since Iroha has no automatic peer discovery, the only other way to make peers known to each other is to use the iroha_client_cli to register new peers. This is not too difficult with the provided client libraries. With Python's Beautiful Soup, the curated list of peers can be updated, registered, and un-registered on its own.

Kura

KURA is the "warehouse" engine of Iroha. The BLOCK_STORE_PATH specifies where the blocks are stored. You can change it to a custom location if for some reason the default location (./blocks) is not available or desirable.

For more details, check KURA configuration reference.

Iroha Public Addresses

TORII is the module in charge of handling incoming and outgoing connections.

Here we only cover the API_URL, P2P_ADDR, and TELEMETRY_URL configurations. On Github you'll find the detailed reference for TORII.

API_URL

The API_URL is the location to which the client(s) make their requests. You can also use it to change some peer-specific configuration options.

Most of the time, the only reason to change the API_URL is to change the port, in case 8080 is either closed, or if you want to randomise ports to avoid certain kinds of attacks.

P2P_ADDR

The P2P_ADDR is the internal address used for communication between peers. This address should be included in the TRUSTED_PEERS section of the configuration file.

TELEMETRY_URL

The TELEMETRY_URL is used to specify the prometheus endpoint address. It's set by adding "TELEMETRY_URL": "127.0.0.1:8180" to the TORII section of the configuration file.

It's not meant to be human-readable. However, a GET request to the 127.0.0.1:8180/status will give you a JSON-encoded representation of the top-level metrics, while a GET request to 127.0.0.1:8180/metrics will give you a (somewhat verbose) list of all available metrics gathered in Iroha. You might want to change this if you're having trouble gathering metrics using prometheus.

Logger

Let's cover the most useful LOGGER configurations, MAX_LOG_LEVEL and LOG_FILE_PATH.

MAX_LOG_LEVEL

The MAX_LOG_LEVEL is used to determine which messages are logged.

With "MAX_LOG_LEVEL": "WARN" you won't get any messages unless they are either a warning or an error. Beside WARN, other available options are:

  • TRACE (log every time you enter a function)
  • DEBUG (use when you know something went wrong)
  • INFO (the default)
  • WARN (log everything that could be an error)
  • ERROR (to silence any logging except for error messages)

LOG_FILE_PATH

Another useful option is "LOG_FILE_PATH": bunyan.json. It creates (if it didn't already exist) a file called bunyan.json that contains the message log in a structured format.

This is extremely useful for two reasons. Firstly, you can use the bunyan log viewer to filter information more precisely than Iroha would allow you to do. Do you only want messages from a specific module or package? You can do that with bunyan. Secondly, while copying logs is not too big of a problem if your instance is just a small setup, for bigger setups the log will be larger. Having it saved to a file makes much more sense in that case.

INFO

You can also set LOG_FILE_PATH to /dev/stdout if you want to use bunyan's logging facilities directly without saving the output.